pvf-precheck: Add `PvfCheckStatement` to polkadot-primitives (#4406)
* pvf-precheck: Add `sign` in subsystem-util Right now, most of operations that sign stuff in polkadot protocol are handled by a very convenient tool - `Signed`. However `Signed` assumes that whatever is signed is anchored to some `parent_hash` which works for most cases, but does not work for others. One instance of such a case is pre-checking (#3211). There validators submit signed votes on-chain. A vote is valid for the entire session. If we were to use `Signed` we would have to root a vote in some block of that session and during vote verification check that this block is indeed within the session. This is especially annoying since we agreed to use unsigned extrinsics to submit votes and we need to make the unsigned extrinsic validation as slim as possible. (FWIW, the definition of a pre-checking vote can be seen in the next diff in the stack) That's the reason why we opted-out from using `Signed` for pre-checking and decided to go with the manual signing approach. Almost every piece of machinery is in place except for signing which is presented in this PR. * pvf-precheck: Add `PvfCheckStatement` to polkadot-primitives This is an insubstantial PR that just unlocks PRs down the line. This PR is a part of #3211. Regarding the `PvfCheckStatement` struct itself: this is a structure that will be used to convert from/into the binary representation and ultimately will be used to sign and submit votes onto chain.
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