implement candidate selection subsystem (#1645)

* choose the straightforward candidate selection algorithm for now

* add draft implementation of candidate selection

* fix typo in summary

* more properly report misbehaving collators

* describe how CandidateSelection subsystem becomes aware of candidates

* revise candidate selection / collator protocol interaction pattern

* implement rest of candidate selection per the guide

* review: resolve nits

* start writing test suite, harness

* implement first test

* add second test

* implement third test

Co-authored-by: Bernhard Schuster <bernhard@ahoi.io>
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