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// Copyright 2017 Parity Technologies (UK) Ltd.
// This file is part of Polkadot.

// Polkadot is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
// it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
// the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
// (at your option) any later version.

// Polkadot is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
// but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// GNU General Public License for more details.

// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
// along with Polkadot.  If not, see <>.

//! Collation Logic.
//! A collator node lives on a distinct parachain and submits a proposal for
//! a state transition, along with a proof for its validity
//! (what we might call a witness or block data).
//! One of collators' other roles is to route messages between chains.
//! Each parachain produces a list of "egress" posts of messages for each other
//! parachain on each block, for a total of N^2 lists all together.
//! We will refer to the egress list at relay chain block X of parachain A with
//! destination B as egress(X)[A -> B]
//! On every block, each parachain will be intended to route messages from some
//! subset of all the other parachains.
//! Since the egress information is unique to every block, when routing from a
//! parachain a collator must gather all egress posts from that parachain
//! up to the last point in history that messages were successfully routed
//! from that parachain, accounting for relay chain blocks where no candidate
//! from the collator's parachain was produced.
//! In the case that all parachains route to each other and a candidate for the
//! collator's parachain was included in the last relay chain block, the collator
//! only has to gather egress posts from other parachains one block back in relay
//! chain history.
//! This crate defines traits which provide context necessary for collation logic
//! to be performed, as the collation logic itself.

extern crate futures;
extern crate substrate_primitives as primitives;
extern crate polkadot_primitives;

use std::collections::{BTreeSet, BTreeMap};

use futures::{stream, Stream, Future, IntoFuture};
use polkadot_primitives::parachain::{self, ConsolidatedIngress, Message, Id as ParaId};

/// Parachain context needed for collation.
/// This can be implemented through an externally attached service or a stub.
pub trait ParachainContext {
	/// Produce a candidate, given the latest ingress queue information.
	fn produce_candidate<I: IntoIterator<Item=(ParaId, Message)>>(
		ingress: I,
	) -> (parachain::BlockData, polkadot_primitives::AccountId, polkadot_primitives::Signature);

/// Relay chain context needed to collate.
/// This encapsulates a network and local database which may store
/// some of the input.
pub trait RelayChainContext {
	type Error;

	/// Future that resolves to the un-routed egress queues of a parachain.
	/// The first item is the oldest.
	type FutureEgress: IntoFuture<Item=Vec<Vec<Message>>, Error=Self::Error>;

	/// Provide a set of all parachains meant to be routed to at a block.
	fn routing_parachains(&self) -> BTreeSet<ParaId>;

	/// Get un-routed egress queues from a parachain to the local parachain.
	fn unrouted_egress(&self, id: ParaId) -> Self::FutureEgress;

/// Collate the necessary ingress queue using the given context.
// TODO: impl trait
pub fn collate_ingress<'a, R>(relay_context: R)
	-> Box<Future<Item=ConsolidatedIngress, Error=R::Error> + 'a>
		R: RelayChainContext,
		R::Error: 'a,
		R::FutureEgress: 'a,
	let mut egress_fetch = Vec::new();

	for routing_parachain in relay_context.routing_parachains() {
		let fetch = relay_context
			.map(move |egresses| (routing_parachain, egresses));


	// create a map ordered first by the depth of the egress queue
	// and then by the parachain ID.
	// then transform that into the consolidated egress queue.
	let future = stream::futures_unordered(egress_fetch)
		.fold(BTreeMap::new(), |mut map, (routing_id, egresses)| {
			for (depth, egress) in egresses.into_iter().rev().enumerate() {
				let depth = -(depth as i64);
				map.insert((depth, routing_id), egress);

		.map(|ordered| ordered.into_iter().map(|((_, id), egress)| (id, egress)))
		.map(|i| i.collect::<Vec<_>>())


/// Produce a candidate for the parachain.
pub fn collate<'a, R, P>(local_id: ParaId, relay_context: R, para_context: P)
	-> Box<Future<Item=parachain::Candidate, Error=R::Error> + 'a>
		R: RelayChainContext,
	    R::Error: 'a,
		R::FutureEgress: 'a,
		P: ParachainContext + 'a,
	Box::new(collate_ingress(relay_context).map(move |ingress| {
		let (block_data, _, signature) = para_context.produce_candidate(
			ingress.0.iter().flat_map(|&(id, ref msgs)| msgs.iter().cloned().map(move |msg| (id, msg)))

		parachain::Candidate {
			parachain_index: local_id,
			collator_signature: signature,
			block: block_data,
			unprocessed_ingress: ingress,

mod tests {
	use super::*;

	use std::collections::{HashMap, BTreeSet};

	use futures::Future;
	use polkadot_primitives::parachain::{Message, Id as ParaId};

	pub struct DummyRelayChainCtx {
		egresses: HashMap<ParaId, Vec<Vec<Message>>>,
		currently_routing: BTreeSet<ParaId>,

	impl RelayChainContext for DummyRelayChainCtx {
		type Error = ();
		type FutureEgress = Result<Vec<Vec<Message>>, ()>;

		fn routing_parachains(&self) -> BTreeSet<ParaId> {

		fn unrouted_egress(&self, id: ParaId) -> Result<Vec<Vec<Message>>, ()> {

	fn collates_ingress() {
		let route_from = |x: &[ParaId]| {
			 let mut set = BTreeSet::new();

		let message = |x: Vec<u8>| vec![Message(x)];

		let dummy_ctx = DummyRelayChainCtx {
			currently_routing: route_from(&[2.into(), 3.into()]),
			egresses: vec![
				// egresses for `2`: last routed successfully 5 blocks ago.
				(2.into(), vec![
					message(vec![1, 2, 3]),
					message(vec![4, 5, 6]),
					message(vec![7, 8]),

				// egresses for `3`: last routed successfully 3 blocks ago.
				(3.into(), vec![

				(2.into(), message(vec![1, 2, 3])),
				(2.into(), message(vec![4, 5, 6])),
				(2.into(), message(vec![7, 8])),
				(3.into(), message(vec![9])),
				(2.into(), message(vec![10])),
				(3.into(), message(vec![11])),
				(2.into(), message(vec![12])),
				(3.into(), message(vec![13])),